One Thing Leads To Another

Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor?

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Japanese attacking Pear Harbor
The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor for several reasons. The tensions between Japan and the United States escalated until the U.S decided to place an embargo on Japan. This embargo blocked the Japanese from receiving crucial materials, such as steel and aviation fuel. The United States placed this embargo because Japan tried to take over more territory. In 1941, Japan had two goals. The first was to get the embargo lifted, since Japan needed oil to fuel it's military. The second goal was to get territory and to prepare for war.

The Japanese began to plan a war. They asked to conquer Burma, Malaya, the East Indies, and the Philippines. However, the Japanese feared that the U.S. Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor would come and disrupt their plans. As a result, the Japanese army decided to attack Pearl Harbor, a U.S. Base, as a precaution, in a surprise air attack.




How did the United States respond?

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President Roosevelt Signing Executive Order 9066
The United States responded rapidly to the attack. Many Americans were outraged and wanted revenge. Therefore, on the day after the attack, President Roosevelt talked to Congress, and addressed December 7 as a “date which will live in infamy”. Congress immediately declared war on Japan, and President Roosevelt signed it later the same day.

American citizens began to loose faith in the Japanese race, including Japanese Americans. This loss of faith ca, the United States government searched Japanese homes and confiscated “suspicious” items. However, the government seized ridiculous items, such as radios or flashlights, without any evidence. Japanese discrimination escalated into the signing of United States Executive Order 9066, by President Roosevelt. This order required Japanese Americans to report to internment camps.


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